There’s also a new schedule starting next week.
Mondays don’t work for me anymore, so I’ll be posting Tuesday - Saturday.
Yet again, you’ve inspired us, Internet. More than 5 million people have spoken out against the Internet slow lane. Pat yourselves on the back, spread the word, and let’s do this thing! Big Telecom Vs The World
The deadline to submit comments to the FCC is TODAY, September, 15th, 2014.
SHAKESPEARE WROTE THAT ALL THE WORLD’S A STAGE.
HIS THEATER WAS CALLED THE GLOBE.
NOT ONLY WAS THAT LINE PHILOSOPHICAL AND DEEP,
BUT IT WAS ALSO A FUCKING PUN.
Listen/purchase: Equine Dreams and Stranger Things by 4EverfreeBrony
The secret to sharks being the top predators that they are is all in the pores. These black specs are big enough to be seen by the naked eye, and are known as the Ampullae of Lorenzini. The specialized pores sense even the tiniest of electrical fields that are produced by all living organisms. Hundreds upon thousands of pores on the sharks head make up a network. Pores open onto canals lined with small hairs, similar to those found in the human ear. Canals then lead into the ampulla, which is a small gel-filled chamber. These sensory ‘pores’ only work in close range, limited to only a few inches away before the sense is limited. The organs detect electrical impulses that are caused when an animal’s muscles contract. If close enough, they can even detect a beating heart! Besides working to keep it’s prey in crosshairs during the final attack, the Ampullae of Lorenzini has other uses. Water currents can be followed with this organ, along with working as an internal compass, allowing the shark to navigate according to the Earth’s magnetic field.
Photo credit: MissGeekyKiKi
THE ECOLOGY OF BACTERIOPHAGES
Studies have shown that bacteriophages (viruses that attack bacteria) are numerically the most abundant biological entities on the planet. [Bacteria themselves are the most abundant life form.]
In shotgun sequencing of marine samples, the majority of phage gene sequences are invariably found to be novel (that is, they don’t correspond to any already known gene sequences).
Hence, the bulk of genetic diversity on the planet may well be tied up in viral/phage “dark matter.” (source)
HOW PHAGES WORK
Phages are quite specific. They attack only the strain of bacteria they evolved to inhabit and kill. And they only attack bacteria: other types of organisms lack the receptors required for phage infection.
No currently known bacteria are unaffected by phages. (This isn’t saying a lot, since we now know that most bacteria aren’t able to be studied in lab conditions.)
- [Image 1] Phages first attach to and puncture the bacterial membrane. Phage DNA is injected into the host cell. © Medi-Mation Ltd/Science Source
- [Image 2] The host cell’s DNA transcription is suppressed, and phage-specific proteins are synthesized instead. © Medi-Mation Ltd/Science Source
- [Image 3] New phages are assembled, the host cell membrane is disrupted, and large numbers of new phages are released from the host bacterium, which dies. © Medi-Mation Ltd/Science Source
There are somewhere between 1030 and 1032 phages in the biosphere.
It’s estimated that there are 1023 phage infections of bacteria every second.
In the course of any given 48 hour period, about half the total number of bacteria then living are destroyed by phages. This dynamic occurs in all ecosystems.
Phages have infected bacteria for billions of years, and just as bacteria mutate to resist drugs, they also mutate to render phages ineffective. However, new phages continually evolve against the mutated bacteria.
There has got to be a way we can use this to improve our health. After all, our Antibiotics are failing. It’s only a matter of time until they’re no longer effective.
Via Stars Are My Muse